Economics is a field of study that investigates how people and organizations make use of scarce resources. In the course of their work, economists use mathematical models and graphical tools to understand human behavior. They also provide public policy recommendations.
Economic aggregates are often used as measures of economic performance. These include gross domestic product (GDP), national income, and unemployment rates. Governments and business companies produce goods and services, and these are acted upon by consumers.
The study of economics is a fascinating mechanism for understanding human behaviour. It combines psychology, history, and sociology.
There are two main branches of economics. Microeconomics studies the individual choices of individuals, while macroeconomics investigates the economy as a whole.
Historically, economists have primarily focused on the distribution of wealth and growth. This has led to a number of objections to the scope of economics.
The study of economics has expanded to include environmental costs. Economists are studying environmental policies and how they affect economic development.
One of the most important areas of study in economics is production. Producers try to produce the amount of good or service that will bring them the highest profit. Factors of production include capital, land, and labor buxic.
Economic concepts help to shape the way that money is invested. These include the concept of equity, or fairness, in the distribution of income and goods. Typically, economists assume that all humans are rational. However, they do not always act in their own best interests.